Eye examination

Consultation and diagnosis of vision

The insidiousness of many eye disorders lies in the fact that pathologies may have major variations with identical symptoms and need distinct, often completely opposite, treatment strategies. Of example, wearing glasses, helpful in one situation, can cause significant harm in another, and all that with a decreased visual acuity in equal measure.

Diagnosis in ophthalmology requires high precision equipment and good hardware. You need a microscope with a special illuminator-a slit lamp, and many types of ophthalmoscopes (direct, reverse) to examine the fundus for a general examination of the eyeball.

A full vision diagnosis will require examination of a medical record and multiple tests conducted to check the accuracy of vision in each eye. Preliminary testing can measure eye functions such as depth perception, color vision, sensitivity of the eyeball, peripheral vision, and light responses of the pupils. The doctor can perform an exam called a "keratotopogram," which examines the cornea curvature by recording the test objects it represents. This research enables you to assess cornea form and the existence of issues with it.

You would also need to undergo a visual acuity check where you will be required to read the letters on different near and distant tables to assess the lens intensity needed to compensate for myopia, hyperopia, or astigmatism. The doctor will perform this test faster and more reliably with the help of a device called a "phoropter." Drops that dilate the pupil help remove the intraocular muscle's effect on the eye's optical power and allow you to examine the fundus in detail.

When checking the eyes, a series of tests are performed:

  • VISOMETRY - Determination of visual acuity in the distance using a table with letters, numbers or other signs.
  • TONOMETRY - Measurement of intraocular pressure. Elevated intraocular pressure is the main cause of glaucoma.
  • REFRACTOMETRY - Determination of the optical power of the eye with the help of an autorefractometer (diagnosis of refractive errors: myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism).
  • COLOR VISION STUDY - Diagnosis of color perception abnormalities.
  • PERIMETRY - Determination of the border of the field of view. The field of view is a part of the surrounding space that the eye is able to see with complete immobility of the head and gaze. An important method for the diagnosis of eye diseases such as glaucoma, partial atrophy of the optic nerve, etc.
  • BIOMICROSCOPY - A method for studying the anterior segment of the eye using a slit lamp (special microscope). Using biomicroscopy, an ophthalmologist can see, with a large increase, such eye tissues as the conjunctiva, cornea, as well as deep-lying structures - the iris, crystalline lens, and vitreous body.
  • OPHTHALMOSCOPY - An examination of the fundus using an ophthalmoscope (examination of the retina of the eye and its vessels). One of the most common and important methods in the diagnosis of eye diseases.
  • LENSMETRY - Optical analysis of the glasses you use.
  • PUPILLOMETRY - A method of measuring the size of the pupil. Using an infrared camera, pupils are photographed at different light intensities and various pupil sizes are measured.
  • PACHIMETRY - Measurement of the thickness of the cornea using ultrasound. This is necessary both during examination before refractive surgery, and during it.
  • KERATOMETRY - Measurement of the radius of curvature of the surface of the cornea of the eye. Allows you to evaluate the optical power of the cornea as a whole, as well as astigmatism.
  • BIOMETRY - Measurement of the depth of the anterior chamber, the thickness of the lens, the size of the vitreous body and the size of the eye as a whole.
Working time:
Mon.—Fr. 09:00—17:00
Our address:
Baku, Badamdar settlement,
A. Abbaszade str. 13a, AZ1073
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